Darts games use small pointed
arrows that are thrown strategically at a dartboard, a
suspended on a wall.
Darts games are widely played in the UK,
traditionally played in
pubs. The game is also popular in the Netherlands, Scandinavia,
Ireland, US and other European countries utilizing different versions.
Played between two competitors, taking turns throwing, this is one
sports game that requires less play space in comparison to other
indoor/outdoor sports games.
This lesson at Learn Sportsbetting
with the history of the game, rules, versions and terms.
Darts Games: History
It is believed that the game began when bored English soldiers
challenged each other by throwing their spears on overturned wine
barrels as the target and later a cut up tree trunk was used.
As tree trunks have rings, this proved suitable for keeping
With the passing of time, the arrow became shorter in length, and
eventually regulated to a length of 4 inches with feathers and a metal
tip attached to the
In years gone by, a dartboard was called butt
. This word
from the French word butte
that means a target.
By early 1900, the rules for this sports game were established and
standardized as to the size of the board, the throwing distance, size
of the dart arrows as well as the numbering system on the dartboard.
In 1976, the World Darts Federation (WDF) was created with almost 60
organizations worldwide participating.
Today, there are two professional organizations: British
Darts Organization established in 1973 and the other one is the
Professional Darts Corporation created in 1994.
Darts Games: Rules
In the UK alone, there are many regional versions of the game.
example, the log end board version is played in Yorkshire,
Staffordshire and parts of Manchester.
These boards have a single, inner bull and do not have a treble ring
unlike the standard dartboard. The other popular board variation is the
London fives board. It has 12 equal segments numbered 20, 5, 15, 10,
20, 5, 15, 10, 20, 5, 15, 10 where the doubles and triples are1/4
The standard dartboard is divided into 20 segments in black and white
1 to 20 scorings with a round circle in the middle of the board known
as the bulls-eye or the inner bull in red color and the outer part of
the eye called the outer bull in green.
If the dart hits the black or white section of the board, it scores the
number of that particular segment.
Every number in each segment has two small rectangular scoring sections
in red and green color. The furthest from the bulls-eye scores a double
of the number of that particular segment and the closest to the
bulls-eye scores a triple of the number of that segment.
When a dart hits the outer bull in green color, it scores 25 points,
and when it hits the bulls-eye--the red center portion of the board,
then it is a 50 points score.
According to the BDO--in any standard dart game,
the height of the dartboard from the floor and the center bulls-eye to
the ground level should be 5ft and 8 inches and the player who throws
darts must stand at a distance of about 8 ft from the
Darts Games Versions:
The most popular, official games played are the 301 and the
Two players take turns in throwing up to three darts each. Each one
starts with a set score of 301 points in a 301 game or with 501 points
in a 501 game. The aim is to minus whatever scores they have made from
501 or 301 set of points to finally reach a zero. Whoever
reaches zero first is announced the winner.
In 301 darts games, the rule is that the player must hit a
start subtracting from the 301 set of points. In other words, a player
must hit the same number twice. To score a zero, a player must throw
his/her last dart and should hit a double or the red portion of the
bulls-eye to bring the score exactly down to zero to win the game.
Otherwise, the player’s game comes to an end and his/her score goes
back to the beginning of the game.
In a 501 game, it is not required for a player to score a
to start subtracting his/her points.
Like the 301 game, in order
to end the game a player must hit a double or the bulls-eye to bring
down the score to zero.
The maximum score with three darts is 180. This
score is determined when all the three hit the triple section
20 on the dartboard.
Other versions of the 501 game are 601, 801 and 1001.
Additionally, there are some entertaining names for darts
These sports games are Jumpers, Killers, Round the
and Tactics are played with various scoring techniques.
There are many sports games played online; golf, bowling,
car racing to name a few.
Also, sportsbook or sports betting is immensely popular online offering
sports skill games of football, rugby and soccer.
Gambling Teachers provides 15 diverse lessons at the Learn
program at the free learning center.
Darts Games, return
to Learn Sportsbetting
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